Not many people know that cardiac arrest, stroke and heart attack are not the same thing. These conditions differ in symptoms, severity and background, and learning the difference between them is of utmost importance.
Here’s an explanation on each of the conditions:
- Cardiac arrest
Cardiac arrest is also known as an “electrical” disorder which occurs when the heart’s electrical activity is disrupted. When this happens, tachycardia occurs and the blood flow to the organ stops, eventually stopping the heart muscle as well.
- Heart attack
Heart attack is a circulatory disorder which occurs when a person’s blood flow is blocked or their body is deprived of oxygen. This reduces the blood flow to the heart and if left untreated it could be fatal. When someone suffers a heart attack, it’s important to see if their heart is still working.
Stroke is a brain disorder which is divided into 3 types: ischemic stroke – when the artery that carries blood and oxygen to the brain is blocked; transient ischemic attack or a mini stroke, which occurs when there’s reduced artery blood flow to the brain; and hemorrhagic stroke, caused by a ruptured artery in the brain.
Heart attack symptoms:
These are the most common symptoms of a heart attack:
Chest pain (angina) — pain burden inside the chest, often mistaken for indigestion. It repeats every couple of minutes;
Body pain – especially in the neck, back, abdomen, jaw and arms (particularly the left one);
Wheezing and shallow breathing;
Dizziness and fatigue episodes;
Treatment for a heart attack includes a healthy diet and lifestyle and certain medications.
Cardiac arrest symptoms:
Here are the usual symptoms of cardiac arrest;
In some cases, a person suffering from cardiac arrest can also experience sudden collapse, shortness of breath, weak pulse and no responsiveness.
Cardiac arrests are a very dangerous condition and are often lethal.
Here are the common stroke symptoms:
Face, arm or leg numbness or paralysis (especially on one side);
Headaches and vomiting;
Mental disorientation, forgetting names and places, distraction and loss of focus;
Impaired and double vision;
Walking issues and dizziness;
Transient ischemic attack (TIA).
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